At the end of today’s Library Garden Group meeting at Sally & Johns Tom was asked to show interested members how to prune fruit trees such as apple etc. This does not apply to stone fruits such as Peach etc. which are treated differently in the Spring.
PLEASE NOTE This process is carried out after the leaves have fallen because then the tree will be dormant.
First – find the join between this years softer growth, on the left, and last years woodier growth on the right in this picture.
Second – you are going to remove 2/3rds of that new softer growth, so determine that point on the new growth.
Third – select a point for your cut near a bud so as to remove 2/3rds and leave 1/3rd of the new growth (from this year)
That’s it, please remember to only do this once the leaves have fallen and the tree is dormant. Also remove any crossing and rubbing branches as you are trying to achieve an open goblet shape with all your pruning.